Materials used to make paper cups
Starbucks wants to push more tumbler-mug use. Studies on Washing in Kraft Pulp Bleaching.
Manufacture[ edit ] The world's largest "paper" cup in front of what was once the Lily-Tulip manufacturing company, later Sweetheart Cup Company. We must also consider that this Starbucks offering data on their outtake of emissions, so we must leave room for some judgment. However, unless the cup has a handle, it is necessary to use a cup sleeve for that same reason. Formulas use "human appropriated net primary production HANPP " to "CO2 emissions" correlation.
University of Oulu, The production of their cups produces a substantial amount of wastes and emissions from making of the materials of the product to the machines that process the cups, and the wastes that the cup itself leaves on our global environment. There are Starbucks' located all across the world and naturally a proportionally massive amount of wastes and emissions from producing the Starbucks cup.
The production of the Starbucks paper cup emits an assortment of wastes that ranges from air pollution, landfill, and water contamination. Thus, in order to make a paper cup you are going to need a lot of trees.
Wood is delivered to paper mills that generate new paper. The production of making paper emits a lot of wastes. According to the U. Facts and Figures for EPA, apaper products accounted for The paper material additionally generates 71, short tons of waste as stated in the generation report Staley. We not only have to take into account the materials to make the cups and their waste contributions, but we must also factor in the gas emissions it takes to manufacture the cups and the transportations of these materials. International Paper, which makes the paper cups for Starbucks, says that their solid waste landfill has increased by 2 percent per metric ton of production since Furthermore, International Paper reported that in they were emitting approximately 2.
It is important to recognize that these are the statistics that International Paper chose to show on their learn more here website, so these statistics may be skewed towards their favor.
The Starbucks hot paper cup releases a lot of emissions in the transportation and hauling of its materials. According to the Environmental Defense Fund, an average 16 ounce paper coffee cup releases. Also, they estimate that for every coffee cup produced and transported it costs us. Even more so, for every paper cup we lose it is expected that we lose.
Furthermore, they have estimated that it takes 1.
According to an April study conducted by Starbucks and the Alliance for the Environmental Innovation, each Starbucks paper cup manufactured is responsible for article source. According to the Waste Management and Research, the energy factor for makw high-density polyethylene is around 1. The paper needs high stiffness and strong wet sizing. The result of methane speeds our process of the greenhouse effect, which means that the excessive gases lock heat closer to the earth which mmake in global warming and climate change. Aluminum Cups made of steel are more popular with home users who want to have a mug to travel with in the car. The assets of James River are now part of Georgia-Pacifica subsidiary of Koch Industriesthe second largest privately owned company in the United States. Some of the materials that may be used to make a reusable coffee mug. Styrofoam While Styrofoam cups are falling off in popularity, they can still be found in several coffee chain restaurants.
According to the Life Materials used to make paper cups Assessment of Paper Waste, the transportation of paper waste produces emissions, such as CO, NOx, and hydrocarbon emissions Report. They also estimated that the emissions of gaseous hydrogen is approximately 2. Before the paper cup is formed the paper that takes to make it must go through a paperboard mill and pulping process.
Environmental Protection Agency explains that pulp, paper and paperboard mill industries are facing stricter restrictions on the amount of permissible air and water emissions, because of the increasing number of toxic pollution in waste-water and hazardous air pollutants from the forest product industry Manfredi.
Specifically, the MACT I regulations require pulp and paper mills to collect and treat non-condensable gas from high volume low concentration sources, which are entire mills that emit gas like 10, to 30, actual cubic feet per minute or 4. Methanol of all the gasses emitted is the primary concern of the EPA, because it is emits over 44, tons from pulping processes from the entire forest products industry. According to EGRID Emissions and Generation Resource Integrated Databasewhich offers all data on the environmental impact on most electric power generated in the United States, the annual output on pulp and paper mills for the use of electricity in California is the following greenhouse gases: Therefore, the wastes from the pulping industry can make detrimental impacts on the environment.
According to an April study conducted by Starbucks and the Alliance for the Environmental Innovation, each Starbucks paper cup manufactured is responsible for 0. Another report conducted by the Alliance for Environmental Innovation and Starbucks found that 1. And Starbucks produces nearly 4 million cups this year.
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Its production is ever increasing and the estimation of CO2 emissions as a result is mind-boggling. They also note a complete analysis of the estimated air emissions of the cups. They estimate that for the energy it takes to build the cup they will emit The Alliance and Starbucks expect that air emissions from processing the cups will be 0. The total water emissions is estimated as 1.
Also for every 10, 16 oz cups, they emit We must also consider that this Starbucks offering data on their outtake of emissions, so we must leave room for some judgment. Starbucks uses virgin solid bleached sulfate SBS paperboard and recycled fiber to make cups. I could not find the exact number of emissions it takes to make the cups, but I did find out a bunch of emissions it takes to make a solid bleached sulfated coated paperboard from the Environmental Comparison and manufacturing technologies for virgin and recycled coated paperboard, which are the exact materials that Starbucks uses for their hot cups.
The energy related air emissions of making virgin solid bleached sulfate paperboard are The process-related air emissions of making the product are 2. The mean effluent flow, or liquid waste or sewage discharged into water, is 20, gallons per air dried ton of final product. The effluent quality composes of 3. The total solid waste generation is kilograms per dried metric ton of final product.
English, especially materials to cups used make paper Plagiarism
The energy-related air emissions for average solid bleached sulfate in pounds per air dried ton of product are: Furthermore, the process related air emissions in pounds per air dried tons of product are: The effluent mean flow of the click at this page of making solid bleached sulfate coated paperboard is 20, gallons per air dried ton of final product.
The effluent quality is compost of material in kilograms per air dried metric tons of final product: The total solid waste generation of process related air emissions is kilograms per air dried metric ton of final product. The emissions of energy- related air pollutants associated with paper-making products of coated paperboard in pounds per air-dried ton of final product are The estimate of effluent flow for recovered fiber is 8, gallons per air dried metric ton of final product for 11 mills.
The Starbucks paper cup is also lined with polyethylene, which is a synthetic resin that makes the paper cup waterproof. High-density polyethylene, lining made of petroleum that protects the cup from melting from hot drinks, also contributes to landfill waste. According to the Waste Management and Research, the energy factor for producing high-density polyethylene is around 1. The research also assumes that 1 kg of the polyethylene waste fills up 20m of landfill depth. After the production of the cup is over the cup either has the choice of going to recycling or the landfill.
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While I could not find how many Starbucks cups are thrown in the landfill each year, I found a statistic on how many paper cups in general are estimated to fill the landfill annually. The United States uses about 58 billion paper cups every year andtons of waste results in these landfills Oches. While the Starbucks paper cup decomposes in the landfill it releases a greenhouse gas paper cups, methane, which traps heat 23 times faster than carbon dioxide. The result of methane speeds our process of the greenhouse effect, which means that the excessive gases lock heat closer to the earth which results in global warming and climate change.
Additionally, I was not able to find exactly how much emissions the Starbucks paper cups emitted, but I found a study on the total Starbucks emission into the atmosphere. According to a report by Forbes, Starbucks emittedtons of carbon into the atmosphere in Narang.
Starbucks emitted an additional 81, tons of CO2 by the transportation of materials and removing solid waste. When paper is decomposing in the landfills and processing in paper mills, it releases carbon dioxide and methane. The creation of a hot paper cup entails thousands and thousands of wastes and emissions into the atmosphere. There are so many kinds of toxins seeping into the earth, the air, our waters, because of the production of the hot paper cup.
The sole production of cups requires a tremendous amount of resources, energy, and wastes.
No matter how popular the cup is, no matter how much they advertise it as a recycled paper and fiber product the Starbucks cup will continue spreading an increasing amount of emissions and toxins into our environment. Works Cited "Air Emissions. Fruergaard, Thilde, Tomas Astrup, and Thomas Ekvall. Manfredi, Simone, et al. Forbes Magazine, 07 July Alliance for Environmental Innovation, The Impact of One Cup of Starbucks Coffee,