Academic english help writing an essay
Normally, when writing an essay at university you will be expected to use only academic sources. The following learning guide on source credibility will help you to determine whether an external source is academic or not. The chocolate essay uses the APA style of referencing, which is easy to distinguish from the Harvard Author-Date Xn, as the format is different: In that case the information comes before the author.
Such citations are called information-centred citations. When the focus is more on who is saying it then the citation is written like this: Such citations are called author-centred citations. Try and achieve a balance between both types of in text-references in your essay writing. Reference list In the APA style of referencing, the reference list has certain conventions that you must also follow.
Here are some examples from the chocolate weiting Include your in-text citations and reference list as part of your first draft. An excellent website to help with your APA referencing is the APA Interactive tool at Massey University. Redrafting your essay Leave yourself enough time to look at your essay more than once.
We provide top quality academic writing to assist with your essay and help aan achieve success. A draft is an unfinished version of a final paper. Here we have English-speaking writers academic english help writing an essay cope with your tasks, and these guys are aware of all twists and turns of academic writing. Professional essay help - essay writing service. Who will write my essay from scratch. Taking a preparatory course will strengthen your English and writing skills, and it will teach you the fundamentals of academic writing through instruction and experience. Home writing help choosing an effective essay topic writing help choosing an effective essay topic introduction.
For a word essay you need at least three days to redraft your essay. Always save each draft as a separate file; then you can see how your essay develops and improves. Here are the sorts of questions you should ask yourself: You can also look at other checklists such as this one on editing your own work. Now compare the above with the final draft: Since Spanish explorers brought back chocolate from the new world, chocolate consumption has become a worldwide phenomenon. At first, chocolate, a derivative of the cacao bean, was consumed as a drink, only later achieving mass popularity in tablet or bar form.
The realities of chocolate are more down to earth; a number of these realities will be addressed in this essay.
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Chocolate has chemical properties that can influence mood and there is possible evidence for some positive impacts of chocolate on cardiovascular health. Yet, such positive attributes are counterbalanced somewhat by the argument that, in some instances, chocolate can be viewed as a drug rather than a food. Moreover, there is the possibility of some correlation between over-consumption of chocolate and obesity.
Redrafting your essay Leave yourself enough time to look at your essay more than once. Let us know whether you. As you can see from the assignment planning calculator, if you only start your essay a few days before the due date, you will have to do things too quickly. Need a reliable writing service help writing outline research paper to help you with coursework. Reply July 08, at 1: It is truly a great and helpful piece of info. Moreover, there is the possibility of some correlation between over-consumption of chocolate and obesity. Get powerful essay writing tips that will help you write a well organized and engaging paper.
Take your time and be careful when redrafting—it will be worth it! How do you write in an academic way? Imagine your essay as a kind of story. You are the principal storyteller, the internal voice of the writer, leading the reader through to your conclusion. During the story, there are different voices that appear from time to time. These are the external voices citations that add substance to your story, providing detail and support for what you are saying and sometimes even giving an alternative perspective.
The external voices can be divided into two categories in your essay: The reader needs to know at all times whose voice they are hearing. Is it your internal voice or the external voice of other authors? You might wonder how you can include your own voice and academic english help writing an essay sound academic when you are writing about a subject area in which you have little or no knowledge. The internal voice of the writer is colour-coded in yellow; the indirect external voices of other authors i. This is a balanced paragraph.
The writer sets the scene at the beginning of the topic sentence and also links together all of the sentences, using their own voice to lead into content which is provided by the external voices. That is something your lecturers do not want to see. When you are drafting your paragraphs, use a colour-coding system like the one used here.
It will help you ensure your academic voice is clear! When you get more confident in using external sources, you will gradually expand the language of your critical internal voice. The Phrasebank website at Manchester University provides examples of some more expressions to use when assessing external sources. Editing focuses on the big picture elements such as overall structure, appropriate paragraphing and whether the question has been answered. Proofreading has a micro-focus on the details of your essay, such as formatting, grammar and punctuation. Everybody has their own personal style of editing and proofreading.
Some people proofread alone; some get other people involved. Having others involved is a really good idea. Fresh eyes can help you find things you might not otherwise have seen. Here are some things to consider when proofreading and editing: The Purdue OWL website has even more detail on acqdemic proofreading process.
Students regularly underestimate the time it takes to write an essay, in particular the planning and researching stages. Before you begin your essay, have a look at the Massey University assignment planning calculator. You might be surprised how long the whole process takes! As you can see from the assignment planning calculator, if you only start your essay a few days before the due date, you will have to do things too quickly.
To write a word essay, ideally you should allow yourself hep 3 weeks. Have a look at another model to see what you also need to consider: Esday is the final version of the chocolate essay. You can also download it as a pdf document. Moreover, Scholey and Owen in a systematic review of the literature in the field point to several studies, such as Macht and Dettmer and Macht and Muellerwhich appear to emglish this effect.
Yet, as Parker, Help writing and Brotchiep. In addition, mood is something that is difficult to isolate and quantify, and aside from the study by Macht and Dettmer there appears to be little research on any longer term mood affecting influences of chocolate. Another possible positive influence of chocolate is upon cardiovascular health. The key to maximising the benefits of flavanols in chocolate appears to lie in the level of fats eszay. Cocoa, which is simply chocolate minus the fat, is the most obvious candidate for maximising heart health, but as Hannum, Schmitz and Keen note, most cocoa products are made through an alkali process which destroys many flavanols.
The biological makeup of chocolate is also relevant in determining whether chocolate is better viewed as a food or a drug, but the boundaries between indulgence and addictive behaviour are unclear. This is perhaps indicative of addictive or compulsive type behaviour. However, as Bruinsma and Taren note, eating chocolate can represent a sensory reward based, luxurious indulgence, based around texture, aroma and flavour anticipation, rather than a neurochemically induced craving. Yet, it has been argued that wcademic is sometimes used as a form of self-medication, particularly in relation to magnesium deficiency.
This correlates with earlier studies by Abraham and Lubranwho found a high correlation between magnesium deficiency and nervous tension in women. Thus, tension-related chocolate cravings could be a biological entity fuelled by magnesium deficiency. Overall, however, it would appear that the proportion of na using chocolate as accademic drug rather than a food based sensory indulgence is small, though further research might prove enlightening.
A final point to consider in relation to chocolate is the perception that chocolate is linked to obesity. A person is defined as being esday when their Body Mass Index is greater than The literature on chocolate and obesity has clearly demonstrated that there are no specific correlations between the two variables Beckett, ; Lambert, This is typified by the findings of Mellorwho found that, over a period of eight weeks of eating 45 grams of chocolate per day, a group of adults demonstrated no significant weight increase.
As Lambert notes, chocolate consumption alone is not likely to cause obesity, unless large amounts of other calorie dense foods are consumed and this calorie dense intake is greater than needed for bodily writimg, bearing in mind levels of activity. Obesity and chocolate consumption seemingly have no proven correlations.
Yet, in this essay, many chocolate focused arguments have been presented, including the transient effect of chocolate on mood and the fact that it is as likely to create hrlp of guilt as of well-being. Another possible positive dimension to chocolate is a correlation with cardiovascular health. Whether chocolate is a food academmic a drug is also unclear. The literature outlines the chemical properties of chocolate which could help explain some addictive type behaviour, particularly in regards to nervous tension in women, but there is also a strong research focus on chocolate as a sensory-based indulgence.
It can therefore be said that chocolate is not a healthy food, but can be enjoyed as part of a healthy and balanced diet and lifestyle. Check this with your lecturer if you are in any doubt.
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Serum and red cell magnesium levels in patients with premenstrual tension. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 34 11 Chocolate and cardiovascular health: Is it too good to be true? Nutrition Reviews, 63 12 The science of hlp. Royal Helpp of Chemistry. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 99 10 Show me the science!
Nutrition Today, 37 3 Nutrition and health aspects of chocolate.
Everyday mood and emotions after eating a chocolate bar or an apple. Appetite, 46 3 Immediate effects of chocolate on experimentally induced mood states. Appetite, 49 3 Mood modulation by food: British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 34 1 The effects of polyphenol rich chocolate on cardiovascular risk and glycaemic control in type 2 diabetes mellitus Doctoral dissertation, University of Hull, UK. Mood state effects of chocolate. Journal of Affective Disorders, 92 2 Effects of chocolate on cognitive function and mood: Nutrition reviews, 71 10 Chocolate procyanidins decrease the leukotriene-prostacyclin ratio in humans and human aortic endothelial cells.
The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 73 1 Cocoa and chocolate flavonoids: Implications for cardiovascular health. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 2 This is very important in academic writing in western countries, and if you do not do this you might be accused of plagiarism, which is a serious offence at university. We gave some of the reasons for this before: Include a reference in the text, where the words or ideas appear, and in a reference list at the end of the essay. All the references in the text must appear in the reference list, and all the references in the list must also appear in heelp text.
Another word connected to academic integrity is collusion. However, if you are doing a group work assignment and your lecturer has asked you to work together and submit the assignment jointly, that is not collusion. Collusion, like plagiarism, has an element of dishonesty in it.
People who collude do so secretly, as they know that the lecturer would not be happy. People make genuine mistakes, so wrifing are usually very happy to advise you if you ask them.